1 Star 1 Fork 0

AliOS Things / gcc-arm-ali-aoseabi-linux

加入 Gitee
与超过 600 万 开发者一起发现、参与优秀开源项目,私有仓库也完全免费 :)
免费加入
克隆/下载
取消
提示: 由于 Git 不支持空文件夾,创建文件夹后会生成空的 .keep 文件
Loading...
readme.txt
GNU Arm Embedded Toolchain 2020-q4-major
Pre-built GNU toolchain for Arm Cortex-A/R and Cortex-M processors
GCC Version: 10.2

Table of Contents
* Installing executables on Linux
* Installing executables on Mac OS X
* Installing executables on Windows
* Invoking GCC
* Architecture options usage
* Available multilibs
* C Libraries usage
* Linker scripts & startup code
* Samples
* GDB Server for CMSIS-DAP based hardware debugger
* Centos 6 / RHEL 6 (Red Hat Enterprise Linux) support

* Installing executables on Linux *
Unpack the tarball to the install directory, like this:

    $ cd ${install_dir} && tar xjf gcc-arm-none-eabi-_version_-linux.tar.bz2

If you want to use gdb python build (arm-none-eabi-gdb-py), then
install python2.7.

For some Ubuntu releases, the toolchain can also be installed via
Launchpad PPA at https://launchpad.net/~team-gcc-arm-embedded/+archive/ubuntu/ppa.

* Installing executables on Mac OS X *
Unpack the tarball to the install directory, like this:

    $ cd ${install_dir} && tar xjf gcc-arm-none-eabi-_version_-mac.tar.bz2

* Installing executables on Windows *
Run the installer (gcc-arm-none-eabi-_version_-win32.exe) and follow the
instructions. The installer can also be run on the command line. When run on
the command-line, the following options can be set:
  - /S Run in silent mode
  - /P Adds the installation bin directory to the system PATH
  - /R Adds an InstallFolder registry entry for the install.

For example, to install the tools silently, amend users PATH and add registry
entry:

    > gcc-arm-none-eabi-_version_-win32.exe /S /P /R

The toolchain in Windows zip package is a backup to Windows installer for
those who cannot run the installer.  You must decompress the zip package
and then invoke it following instructions in the next section.

To use gdb python build (arm-none-eabi-gdb-py), you must install 32 bit
python2.7 irrespective of 32 or 64 bit Windows.  Please get the package from
https://www.python.org/download/.

* Invoking GCC *
On Linux and Mac OS X, either invoke with the complete path like this:

    $ ${install_dir}/gcc-arm-none-eabi-*/bin/arm-none-eabi-gcc

Or set path like this:

    $ export PATH=$PATH:${install_dir}/gcc-arm-none-eabi-*/bin
    $ arm-none-eabi-gcc --version

On Windows (although the above approaches also work), it can be more
convenient to either have the installer register environment variables, or run
INSTALL_DIR\bin\gccvar.bat to set environment variables for the current cmd.

For Windows zip package, after decompression we can invoke the toolchain either with
complete path like this:
TOOLCHAIN_UNZIP_DIR\bin\arm-none-eabi-gcc
or run TOOLCHAIN_UNZIP_DIR\bin\gccvar.bat to set environment variables for the
current cmd.

* Architecture options usage *

This toolchain is built and optimized for Cortex-A/R/M embedded development.
This section describes how to invoke GCC/G++ with the correct command line
options for variants of Cortex-A/R and Cortex-M architectures.

    $ arm-none-eabi-gcc [-mthumb] -mcpu=CPU[+extension...] -mfloat-abi=ABI

-mcpu:
For the permissible CPU names and extensions, see the GCC online manual:
https://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc-10.2.0/gcc/ARM-Options.html#index-mcpu-2
Use the optional extension name with -mcpu to disable the extensions that are
not present in your CPU implementation.

By default, -mfpu=auto and this enables the compiler to automatically select
the floating-pointing and Advanced SIMD instructions based on the -mcpu option
and extension.

-mfloat-abi:
If floating-point or Advanced SIMD instructions are present, then use the
-mfloat-abi option to control the floating-point ABI, or use -mfloat-abi=soft
to disable floating-point and Advanced SIMD instructions.
For the permissible values of -mfloat-abi, see the GCC online manual:
https://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc-10.2.0/gcc/ARM-Options.html#index-mfloat-abi

-mthumb:
When using processors that can execute in Arm state and Thumb state, use -mthumb
to generate code for Thumb state.

Examples with no floating-point and Advanced SIMD instructions:
    $ arm-none-eabi-gcc -mcpu=cortex-m7+nofp
    $ arm-none-eabi-gcc -mcpu=cortex-r5+nofp -mthumb
    $ arm-none-eabi-gcc -mcpu=cortex-a53+nofp -mthumb
    $ arm-none-eabi-gcc -mcpu=cortex-a57 -mfloat-abi=soft -mthumb

Examples with single-precision floating-point with soft-float ABI:
    $ arm-none-eabi-gcc -mcpu=cortex-m7+nofp.dp -mfloat-abi=softfp
    $ arm-none-eabi-gcc -mcpu=cortex-r5+nofp.dp -mfloat-abi=softfp -mthumb

Examples with single-precision floating-point with hard-float ABI:
    $ arm-none-eabi-gcc -mcpu=cortex-m7+nofp.dp -mfloat-abi=hard
    $ arm-none-eabi-gcc -mcpu=cortex-r5+nofp.dp -mfloat-abi=hard -mthumb

Examples with double-precision floating-point with soft-float ABI:
    $ arm-none-eabi-gcc -mcpu=cortex-m7 -mfloat-abi=softfp
    $ arm-none-eabi-gcc -mcpu=cortex-r5 -mfloat-abi=softfp -mthumb

Examples with double-precision floating-point with hard-float ABI:
    $ arm-none-eabi-gcc -mcpu=cortex-m7 -mfloat-abi=hard
    $ arm-none-eabi-gcc -mcpu=cortex-r5 -mfloat-abi=hard -mthumb

Example with floating-point and Advanced SIMD instructions with soft-float ABI:
    $ arm-none-eabi-gcc -mcpu=cortex-a53 -mfloat-abi=softfp -mthumb

Example with floating-point and Advanced SIMD instructions with hard-float ABI:
    $ arm-none-eabi-gcc -mcpu=cortex-a53 -mfloat-abi=hard -mthumb

Example with MVE and floating-point with soft-float ABI:
    $ arm-none-eabi-gcc -mcpu=cortex-m55 -mfloat-abi=softfp

Example with MVE and floating-point with hard-float ABI:
    $ arm-none-eabi-gcc -mcpu=cortex-m55 -mfloat-abi=hard

* Available multilibs *

Currently GNU Arm Embedded Toolchain 2020-q4-major offers both rmprofile and
aprofile set of multilibs.

How to list all multilibs supported by the toolchain:

    $ arm-none-eabi-gcc --print-multi-lib

How to check which multilib is selected by toolchain based on -mthumb, -mcpu,
-mfpu and -mfloat-abi with --print-multi-dir command line option:

    $ arm-none-eabi-gcc [-mthumb] -mcpu=CPU -mfpu=FPU -mfloat-abi=ABI --print-multi-dir

For examples:

    $ arm-none-eabi-gcc -mcpu=cortex-a55 -mfpu=auto -mfloat-abi=hard --print-multi-dir
    thumb/v8-a+simd/hard

    $ arm-none-eabi-gcc -mcpu=cortex-r5 -mfpu=auto -mfloat-abi=softfp --print-multi-dir
    thumb/v7+fp/softfp

    $ arm-none-eabi-gcc -mcpu=cortex-m0 -mfpu=auto -mfloat-abi=soft --print-multi-dir
    thumb/v6-m/nofp

* C Libraries usage *

This toolchain is released with two prebuilt C libraries based on newlib:
one is the standard newlib and the other is newlib-nano for code size.
To distinguish them, we rename the size optimized libraries as:

    libc.a --> libc_nano.a
    libg.a --> libg_nano.a

To use newlib-nano, users should provide additional gcc compile and link time
option:

    --specs=nano.specs

At compile time, a 'newlib.h' header file especially configured for newlib-nano
will be used if --specs=nano.specs is passed to the compiler.

nano.specs also handles two additional gcc libraries: libstdc++_nano.a and
libsupc++_nano.a, which are optimized for code size.

For example:

    $ arm-none-eabi-gcc src.c --specs=nano.specs ${OTHER_OPTIONS}

This option can also work together with other specs options like:

    --specs=rdimon.specs

Please note that --specs=nano.specs is both a compiler and linker option. Be
sure to include in both compiler and linker options if compiling and linking
are separated.

** additional newlib-nano libraries usage

Newlib-nano is different from newlib in addition to the libraries' name.
Formatted input/output of floating-point number are implemented as weak symbol.
If you want to use %f, you have to pull in the symbol by explicitly specifying
"-u" command option.

    -u _scanf_float
    -u _printf_float

e.g. to output a float, the command line is like:

    $ arm-none-eabi-gcc --specs=nano.specs -u _printf_float ${OTHER_LINK_OPTIONS}

For more about the difference and usage, please refer the README.nano in the
source package.

Users can choose to use or not use semihosting by following instructions.
** semihosting
If you need semihosting, linking like:

    $ arm-none-eabi-gcc --specs=rdimon.specs ${OTHER_LINK_OPTIONS}

** non-semihosting/retarget
If you are using retarget, linking like:

    $ arm-none-eabi-gcc --specs=nosys.specs ${OTHER_LINK_OPTIONS}

* Linker scripts & startup code *

Latest update of linker scripts template and startup code is available on
https://developer.arm.com/embedded/cmsis

* Samples *
Examples of all above usages are available at:

    ${install_dir}/gcc-arm-none-eabi-*/share/gcc-arm-none-eabi/samples

Read readme.txt under it for further information.

* GDB Server for CMSIS-DAP based hardware debugger *
CMSIS-DAP is the interface firmware for a Debug Unit that connects
the Debug Port to USB.  More detailed information can be found at
http://www.keil.com/support/man/docs/dapdebug/.

A software GDB server is required for GDB to communicate with CMSIS-DAP based
hardware debugger.  The pyOCD is an implementation of such GDB server that is
written in Python and under Apache License.

For those who are using this toolchain and have board with CMSIS-DAP based
debugger, the pyOCD is our recommended gdb server.  More information can be
found at https://github.com/mbedmicro/pyOCD.

* Centos 6 / RHEL 6 (Red Hat Enterprise Linux) support *
GNU Arm Embedded Toolchain 2020-q4-major x86_64/Linux toolchain flavor will
support Centos 7 / RHEL 7 onward as it supports host OSs with Glibc (The GNU C
Library) 2.14 onward.
For hosts with older Glibc version users must provide Glibc 2.14 as Linux
shared library for example by using LD_LIBRARY_PATH search path environment
variable.

For host OSs without required Glibc version users will experience the following error:

    $ arm-none-eabi-gcc --version
    arm-none-eabi-gcc: /lib64/libc.so.6: version `GLIBC_2.14' not found (required by arm-none-eabi-gcc)

Below example demonstrates how to custom build Glibc 2.14 and use it as Linux
shared library with GNU Arm Embedded Toolchain.

First, build Glibc 2.14 from sources to /opt/glibc-2.14:

    $ cd /tmp
    $ wget http://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/glibc/glibc-2.14.tar.gz
    $ tar zxvf glibc-2.14.tar.gz
    $ cd glibc-2.14
    $ mkdir build
    $ cd build
    $ ../configure --prefix=/opt/glibc-2.14
    $ make
    $ sudo make install

Second, add newly built Glibc to LD_LIBRARY_PATH environment variable and
execute toolchain binary:

    $ export LD_LIBRARY_PATH="/opt/glibc-2.14/lib${LD_LIBRARY_PATH:+:$LD_LIBRARY_PATH}"
    $ arm-none-eabi-gcc --version

仓库评论 ( 0 )

你可以在登录后,发表评论

简介

AliOS Things toolchain, arm-ali-aoseabi target, newlib libc, linux host 展开 收起
GPL-3.0
取消

发行版

暂无发行版

贡献者

全部

近期动态

加载更多
不能加载更多了
1
https://gitee.com/alios-things/gcc-arm-ali-aoseabi-linux.git
git@gitee.com:alios-things/gcc-arm-ali-aoseabi-linux.git
alios-things
gcc-arm-ali-aoseabi-linux
gcc-arm-ali-aoseabi-linux
master

搜索帮助

233307 c1314fcc 1850385 233305 0212f5e2 1850385