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hgcserver authored 2020-03-26 16:31 . Update
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You can implement your own simple logic devices with custom logic chips.  (located under "Digital Chips")
<p>
Every custom logic device has a model name, which points to a model that describes how it works.  You can have any number of
devices with the same model.  Editing the model changes the behavior of all devices that use that model.
</p><p>
When editing the model, you specify the inputs, the outputs, some info text (which is shown in the lower right
corner when hovering the mouse over a device), and the definition.
</p><p>
The inputs (and outputs) is a comma separated list of <b>short</b> pin labels (one or two characters max).  You can also
specify inverted labels, like <tt>/Q</tt> for <span style="text-decoration: overline">Q</span>.  Example: <tt>A,B,/C,/D</tt>
</p><p>
The definition is multiple lines of the form <i>input</i><tt>=</tt><i>output</i>.  The first <i>input</i> pattern that matches the
input pins is chosen, and the output pins are set to match the <i>output</i> pattern.  The pattern can contain bit values
(<tt>0</tt>, <tt>1</tt>), transitions (<tt>+</tt>, <tt>-</tt>), wildcards/don't cares (<tt>?</tt>), and pattern letters
(<tt>A</tt>, <tt>B</tt>, etc.).  The <i>input</i> has to be at least as long as the number of input pins.  If it's longer,
than the additional pattern characters will be matched against the output pins; this allows you to create devices with state.
</p><p>
The output pattern can also contain <tt>_</tt> to indicate a high-impedance state.
</p><p>
Examples:
</p><p>
</p><h3> 3 input NAND: </h3>
<p>
Inputs: <tt>A,B,C</tt><br>
Outputs: <tt>X</tt><br>
Definition:</p><pre>111=0
???=1
</pre>
<p>
If all three inputs are 1, the output is 0.  Otherwise, it's 1.
</p><p>
<p>
Inputs: <tt>A,B,C</tt><br>
Outputs: <tt>S,C</tt><br>
Definition:</p><pre>111=11
110=10
011=10
101=10
100=01
010=01
001=01
000=00
</pre>
<h3>SR Latch:</h3>
<p>
Inputs: <tt>S,R</tt><br>
Outputs: <tt>Q,/Q</tt><br>
Definition:</p><pre>?? 00=10
10 ??=10
01 ??=01
?? AB=AB
</pre>
The input pattern (the left side of the equals sign) matches S, R, Q, and
<span style="text-decoration: overline">Q</span>, in that order.  The right side of
the equals sign specifies the resulting Q and
<span style="text-decoration: overline">Q</span>.
<p>
The first line sets the Q output if both outputs are low (this is needed
when resetting the circuit).
The next line sets the outputs to 1,0 if set is high.  The second line
sets the outputs to 0,1 if reset is high.  The next
line keeps the outputs the same otherwise.  (The first two letters match
the input pins and the second two letters match the output
pins.  Spaces are ignored, but are added here for clarity.)
</p><h3>D Flip Flop:</h3>
<p>
Inputs: <tt>D,Clk</tt><br>
Outputs: <tt>Q,/Q</tt><br>
Definition:</p><pre>?? 00=10
0+ ??=01
1+ ??=10
?? AB=AB
</pre>
The first line sets the Q output if both outputs are low (this is needed when resetting the circuit).
The next two lines set the Q output to match the D input on a rising transition of the clock.  The last
line keeps the outputs the same otherwise.
<h3>JK Flip Flop:</h3>
<p>
Inputs: <tt>J,K,Clk</tt><br>
Outputs: <tt>Q,/Q</tt><br>
Definition:</p><pre>??? 00=10
00- AB=AB
10- ??=10
01- ??=01
11- AB=BA
??? AB=AB
</pre>
The first line sets the Q output if both outputs are low (this is needed when resetting the circuit).
The next four
lines implement the JK flip flop logic
on a negative transition of the clock.  The last line keeps the outputs the same otherwise.
<h3>Digital Comparator:</h3>
<p>
Inputs: <tt>A2,A1,A0,B2,B1,B0</tt><br>
Outputs: <tt>Eq,A&gt;,A&lt;</tt><br>
Definition:</p><pre>ABC ABC=100
1?? 0??=010
A1? A0?=010
AB1 AB0=010
??? ???=001
</pre>
The first lines checks if the two inputs are equal.  The next three lines test if A is larger.  Otherwise, B must be larger.
<p>
<h3>3-Bit Counter:</h3>
<p>
Inputs: <tt>Clk</tt><br>
Outputs: <tt>A,B,C</tt><br>
Definition:</p><pre>+ AB0=AB1
+ A01=A10
+ 011=100
+ 111=000
? ABC=ABC
</pre>
This counter counts up on positive transition of the Clk input.  The first line handles counting up from 000, 010, 100, or 110.  The second line handles counting up from 001 or 101.  The next two lines handle 011 and 111.  The last line ensures that the output doesn't change unless the clock makes a positive transition.
</p><h3> 3 input NAND with enable: </h3>
<p>
Inputs: <tt>A,B,C,En</tt><br>
Outputs: <tt>X</tt><br>
Definition:</p><pre>1111=0
???1=1
???0=_
</pre>
<p>
Same as the 3 input NAND above, except that the output goes into a high-impedance state if the enable pin is low.
</p><p>
</p><h3> Tri-state buffer: </h3>
<p>
Inputs: <tt>A,En</tt><br>
Outputs: <tt>X</tt><br>
Definition:</p><pre>A1=A
?0=_
</pre>
<p>
Output is the same as A if the enable bit is high, otherwise it
goes into a high-impedance state if the enable pin is low.
</p><p>
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