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// 6 april 2015
// TODO add a uiVerifyControlType() function that can be used by control implementations to verify controls
// TODOs
// - make getters that return whether something exists accept a NULL pointer to discard the value (and thus only return that the thing exists?)
// - const-correct everything
// - normalize documentation between typedefs and structs
#ifndef __LIBUI_UI_H__
#define __LIBUI_UI_H__
#include <stddef.h>
#include <stdint.h>
#ifdef __cplusplus
extern "C" {
// this macro is generated by cmake
#ifdef libui_EXPORTS
#ifdef _WIN32
#define _UI_EXTERN __declspec(dllexport) extern
#define _UI_EXTERN __attribute__((visibility("default"))) extern
// TODO add __declspec(dllimport) on windows, but only if not static
#define _UI_EXTERN extern
// C++ is really really really really really really dumb about enums, so screw that and just make them anonymous
// This has the advantage of being ABI-able should we ever need an ABI...
#define _UI_ENUM(s) typedef unsigned int s; enum
// This constant is provided because M_PI is nonstandard.
// This comes from Go's math.Pi, which in turn comes from http://oeis.org/A000796.
#define uiPi 3.14159265358979323846264338327950288419716939937510582097494459
// TODO uiBool?
// uiForEach represents the return value from one of libui's various ForEach functions.
_UI_ENUM(uiForEach) {
typedef struct uiInitOptions uiInitOptions;
struct uiInitOptions {
size_t Size;
_UI_EXTERN const char *uiInit(uiInitOptions *options);
_UI_EXTERN void uiUninit(void);
_UI_EXTERN void uiFreeInitError(const char *err);
_UI_EXTERN void uiMain(void);
_UI_EXTERN void uiMainSteps(void);
_UI_EXTERN int uiMainStep(int wait);
_UI_EXTERN void uiQuit(void);
_UI_EXTERN void uiQueueMain(void (*f)(void *data), void *data);
// TODO standardize the looping behavior return type, either with some enum or something, and the test expressions throughout the code
// TODO figure out what to do about looping and the exact point that the timer is rescheduled so we can document it; see https://github.com/andlabs/libui/pull/277
// TODO (also in the above link) document that this cannot be called from any thread, unlike uiQueueMain()
// TODO document that the minimum exact timing, either accuracy (timer burst, etc.) or granularity (15ms on Windows, etc.), is OS-defined
// TODO also figure out how long until the initial tick is registered on all platforms to document
// TODO also add a comment about how useful this could be in bindings, depending on the language being bound to
_UI_EXTERN void uiTimer(int milliseconds, int (*f)(void *data), void *data);
_UI_EXTERN void uiOnShouldQuit(int (*f)(void *data), void *data);
_UI_EXTERN void uiFreeText(char *text);
typedef struct uiControl uiControl;
struct uiControl {
uint32_t Signature;
uint32_t OSSignature;
uint32_t TypeSignature;
void (*Destroy)(uiControl *);
uintptr_t (*Handle)(uiControl *);
uiControl *(*Parent)(uiControl *);
void (*SetParent)(uiControl *, uiControl *);
int (*Toplevel)(uiControl *);
int (*Visible)(uiControl *);
void (*Show)(uiControl *);
void (*Hide)(uiControl *);
int (*Enabled)(uiControl *);
void (*Enable)(uiControl *);
void (*Disable)(uiControl *);
// TOOD add argument names to all arguments
#define uiControl(this) ((uiControl *) (this))
_UI_EXTERN void uiControlDestroy(uiControl *);
_UI_EXTERN uintptr_t uiControlHandle(uiControl *);
_UI_EXTERN uiControl *uiControlParent(uiControl *);
_UI_EXTERN void uiControlSetParent(uiControl *, uiControl *);
_UI_EXTERN int uiControlToplevel(uiControl *);
_UI_EXTERN int uiControlVisible(uiControl *);
_UI_EXTERN void uiControlShow(uiControl *);
_UI_EXTERN void uiControlHide(uiControl *);
_UI_EXTERN int uiControlEnabled(uiControl *);
_UI_EXTERN void uiControlEnable(uiControl *);
_UI_EXTERN void uiControlDisable(uiControl *);
_UI_EXTERN uiControl *uiAllocControl(size_t n, uint32_t OSsig, uint32_t typesig, const char *typenamestr);
_UI_EXTERN void uiFreeControl(uiControl *);
// TODO make sure all controls have these
_UI_EXTERN void uiControlVerifySetParent(uiControl *, uiControl *);
_UI_EXTERN int uiControlEnabledToUser(uiControl *);
_UI_EXTERN void uiUserBugCannotSetParentOnToplevel(const char *type);
typedef struct uiWindow uiWindow;
#define uiWindow(this) ((uiWindow *) (this))
_UI_EXTERN char *uiWindowTitle(uiWindow *w);
_UI_EXTERN void uiWindowSetTitle(uiWindow *w, const char *title);
_UI_EXTERN void uiWindowContentSize(uiWindow *w, int *width, int *height);
_UI_EXTERN void uiWindowSetContentSize(uiWindow *w, int width, int height);
_UI_EXTERN int uiWindowFullscreen(uiWindow *w);
_UI_EXTERN void uiWindowSetFullscreen(uiWindow *w, int fullscreen);
_UI_EXTERN void uiWindowOnContentSizeChanged(uiWindow *w, void (*f)(uiWindow *, void *), void *data);
_UI_EXTERN void uiWindowOnClosing(uiWindow *w, int (*f)(uiWindow *w, void *data), void *data);
_UI_EXTERN int uiWindowBorderless(uiWindow *w);
_UI_EXTERN void uiWindowSetBorderless(uiWindow *w, int borderless);
_UI_EXTERN void uiWindowSetChild(uiWindow *w, uiControl *child);
_UI_EXTERN int uiWindowMargined(uiWindow *w);
_UI_EXTERN void uiWindowSetMargined(uiWindow *w, int margined);
_UI_EXTERN uiWindow *uiNewWindow(const char *title, int width, int height, int hasMenubar);
typedef struct uiButton uiButton;
#define uiButton(this) ((uiButton *) (this))
_UI_EXTERN char *uiButtonText(uiButton *b);
_UI_EXTERN void uiButtonSetText(uiButton *b, const char *text);
_UI_EXTERN void uiButtonOnClicked(uiButton *b, void (*f)(uiButton *b, void *data), void *data);
_UI_EXTERN uiButton *uiNewButton(const char *text);
typedef struct uiBox uiBox;
#define uiBox(this) ((uiBox *) (this))
_UI_EXTERN void uiBoxAppend(uiBox *b, uiControl *child, int stretchy);
_UI_EXTERN void uiBoxDelete(uiBox *b, int index);
_UI_EXTERN int uiBoxPadded(uiBox *b);
_UI_EXTERN void uiBoxSetPadded(uiBox *b, int padded);
_UI_EXTERN uiBox *uiNewHorizontalBox(void);
_UI_EXTERN uiBox *uiNewVerticalBox(void);
typedef struct uiCheckbox uiCheckbox;
#define uiCheckbox(this) ((uiCheckbox *) (this))
_UI_EXTERN char *uiCheckboxText(uiCheckbox *c);
_UI_EXTERN void uiCheckboxSetText(uiCheckbox *c, const char *text);
_UI_EXTERN void uiCheckboxOnToggled(uiCheckbox *c, void (*f)(uiCheckbox *c, void *data), void *data);
_UI_EXTERN int uiCheckboxChecked(uiCheckbox *c);
_UI_EXTERN void uiCheckboxSetChecked(uiCheckbox *c, int checked);
_UI_EXTERN uiCheckbox *uiNewCheckbox(const char *text);
typedef struct uiEntry uiEntry;
#define uiEntry(this) ((uiEntry *) (this))
_UI_EXTERN char *uiEntryText(uiEntry *e);
_UI_EXTERN void uiEntrySetText(uiEntry *e, const char *text);
_UI_EXTERN void uiEntryOnChanged(uiEntry *e, void (*f)(uiEntry *e, void *data), void *data);
_UI_EXTERN int uiEntryReadOnly(uiEntry *e);
_UI_EXTERN void uiEntrySetReadOnly(uiEntry *e, int readonly);
_UI_EXTERN uiEntry *uiNewEntry(void);
_UI_EXTERN uiEntry *uiNewPasswordEntry(void);
_UI_EXTERN uiEntry *uiNewSearchEntry(void);
typedef struct uiLabel uiLabel;
#define uiLabel(this) ((uiLabel *) (this))
_UI_EXTERN char *uiLabelText(uiLabel *l);
_UI_EXTERN void uiLabelSetText(uiLabel *l, const char *text);
_UI_EXTERN uiLabel *uiNewLabel(const char *text);
typedef struct uiTab uiTab;
#define uiTab(this) ((uiTab *) (this))
_UI_EXTERN void uiTabAppend(uiTab *t, const char *name, uiControl *c);
_UI_EXTERN void uiTabInsertAt(uiTab *t, const char *name, int before, uiControl *c);
_UI_EXTERN void uiTabDelete(uiTab *t, int index);
_UI_EXTERN int uiTabNumPages(uiTab *t);
_UI_EXTERN int uiTabMargined(uiTab *t, int page);
_UI_EXTERN void uiTabSetMargined(uiTab *t, int page, int margined);
_UI_EXTERN uiTab *uiNewTab(void);
typedef struct uiGroup uiGroup;
#define uiGroup(this) ((uiGroup *) (this))
_UI_EXTERN char *uiGroupTitle(uiGroup *g);
_UI_EXTERN void uiGroupSetTitle(uiGroup *g, const char *title);
_UI_EXTERN void uiGroupSetChild(uiGroup *g, uiControl *c);
_UI_EXTERN int uiGroupMargined(uiGroup *g);
_UI_EXTERN void uiGroupSetMargined(uiGroup *g, int margined);
_UI_EXTERN uiGroup *uiNewGroup(const char *title);
// spinbox/slider rules:
// setting value outside of range will automatically clamp
// initial value is minimum
// complaint if min >= max?
typedef struct uiSpinbox uiSpinbox;
#define uiSpinbox(this) ((uiSpinbox *) (this))
_UI_EXTERN int uiSpinboxValue(uiSpinbox *s);
_UI_EXTERN void uiSpinboxSetValue(uiSpinbox *s, int value);
_UI_EXTERN void uiSpinboxOnChanged(uiSpinbox *s, void (*f)(uiSpinbox *s, void *data), void *data);
_UI_EXTERN uiSpinbox *uiNewSpinbox(int min, int max);
typedef struct uiSlider uiSlider;
#define uiSlider(this) ((uiSlider *) (this))
_UI_EXTERN int uiSliderValue(uiSlider *s);
_UI_EXTERN void uiSliderSetValue(uiSlider *s, int value);
_UI_EXTERN void uiSliderOnChanged(uiSlider *s, void (*f)(uiSlider *s, void *data), void *data);
_UI_EXTERN uiSlider *uiNewSlider(int min, int max);
typedef struct uiProgressBar uiProgressBar;
#define uiProgressBar(this) ((uiProgressBar *) (this))
_UI_EXTERN int uiProgressBarValue(uiProgressBar *p);
_UI_EXTERN void uiProgressBarSetValue(uiProgressBar *p, int n);
_UI_EXTERN uiProgressBar *uiNewProgressBar(void);
typedef struct uiSeparator uiSeparator;
#define uiSeparator(this) ((uiSeparator *) (this))
_UI_EXTERN uiSeparator *uiNewHorizontalSeparator(void);
_UI_EXTERN uiSeparator *uiNewVerticalSeparator(void);
typedef struct uiCombobox uiCombobox;
#define uiCombobox(this) ((uiCombobox *) (this))
_UI_EXTERN void uiComboboxAppend(uiCombobox *c, const char *text);
_UI_EXTERN int uiComboboxSelected(uiCombobox *c);
_UI_EXTERN void uiComboboxSetSelected(uiCombobox *c, int n);
_UI_EXTERN void uiComboboxOnSelected(uiCombobox *c, void (*f)(uiCombobox *c, void *data), void *data);
_UI_EXTERN uiCombobox *uiNewCombobox(void);
typedef struct uiEditableCombobox uiEditableCombobox;
#define uiEditableCombobox(this) ((uiEditableCombobox *) (this))
_UI_EXTERN void uiEditableComboboxAppend(uiEditableCombobox *c, const char *text);
_UI_EXTERN char *uiEditableComboboxText(uiEditableCombobox *c);
_UI_EXTERN void uiEditableComboboxSetText(uiEditableCombobox *c, const char *text);
// TODO what do we call a function that sets the currently selected item and fills the text field with it? editable comboboxes have no consistent concept of selected item
_UI_EXTERN void uiEditableComboboxOnChanged(uiEditableCombobox *c, void (*f)(uiEditableCombobox *c, void *data), void *data);
_UI_EXTERN uiEditableCombobox *uiNewEditableCombobox(void);
typedef struct uiRadioButtons uiRadioButtons;
#define uiRadioButtons(this) ((uiRadioButtons *) (this))
_UI_EXTERN void uiRadioButtonsAppend(uiRadioButtons *r, const char *text);
_UI_EXTERN int uiRadioButtonsSelected(uiRadioButtons *r);
_UI_EXTERN void uiRadioButtonsSetSelected(uiRadioButtons *r, int n);
_UI_EXTERN void uiRadioButtonsOnSelected(uiRadioButtons *r, void (*f)(uiRadioButtons *, void *), void *data);
_UI_EXTERN uiRadioButtons *uiNewRadioButtons(void);
struct tm;
typedef struct uiDateTimePicker uiDateTimePicker;
#define uiDateTimePicker(this) ((uiDateTimePicker *) (this))
// TODO document that tm_wday and tm_yday are undefined, and tm_isdst should be -1
// TODO document that for both sides
// TODO document time zone conversions or lack thereof
// TODO for Time: define what values are returned when a part is missing
_UI_EXTERN void uiDateTimePickerTime(uiDateTimePicker *d, struct tm *time);
_UI_EXTERN void uiDateTimePickerSetTime(uiDateTimePicker *d, const struct tm *time);
_UI_EXTERN void uiDateTimePickerOnChanged(uiDateTimePicker *d, void (*f)(uiDateTimePicker *, void *), void *data);
_UI_EXTERN uiDateTimePicker *uiNewDateTimePicker(void);
_UI_EXTERN uiDateTimePicker *uiNewDatePicker(void);
_UI_EXTERN uiDateTimePicker *uiNewTimePicker(void);
// TODO provide a facility for entering tab stops?
typedef struct uiMultilineEntry uiMultilineEntry;
#define uiMultilineEntry(this) ((uiMultilineEntry *) (this))
_UI_EXTERN char *uiMultilineEntryText(uiMultilineEntry *e);
_UI_EXTERN void uiMultilineEntrySetText(uiMultilineEntry *e, const char *text);
_UI_EXTERN void uiMultilineEntryAppend(uiMultilineEntry *e, const char *text);
_UI_EXTERN void uiMultilineEntryOnChanged(uiMultilineEntry *e, void (*f)(uiMultilineEntry *e, void *data), void *data);
_UI_EXTERN int uiMultilineEntryReadOnly(uiMultilineEntry *e);
_UI_EXTERN void uiMultilineEntrySetReadOnly(uiMultilineEntry *e, int readonly);
_UI_EXTERN uiMultilineEntry *uiNewMultilineEntry(void);
_UI_EXTERN uiMultilineEntry *uiNewNonWrappingMultilineEntry(void);
typedef struct uiMenuItem uiMenuItem;
#define uiMenuItem(this) ((uiMenuItem *) (this))
_UI_EXTERN void uiMenuItemEnable(uiMenuItem *m);
_UI_EXTERN void uiMenuItemDisable(uiMenuItem *m);
_UI_EXTERN void uiMenuItemOnClicked(uiMenuItem *m, void (*f)(uiMenuItem *sender, uiWindow *window, void *data), void *data);
_UI_EXTERN int uiMenuItemChecked(uiMenuItem *m);
_UI_EXTERN void uiMenuItemSetChecked(uiMenuItem *m, int checked);
typedef struct uiMenu uiMenu;
#define uiMenu(this) ((uiMenu *) (this))
_UI_EXTERN uiMenuItem *uiMenuAppendItem(uiMenu *m, const char *name);
_UI_EXTERN uiMenuItem *uiMenuAppendCheckItem(uiMenu *m, const char *name);
_UI_EXTERN uiMenuItem *uiMenuAppendQuitItem(uiMenu *m);
_UI_EXTERN uiMenuItem *uiMenuAppendPreferencesItem(uiMenu *m);
_UI_EXTERN uiMenuItem *uiMenuAppendAboutItem(uiMenu *m);
_UI_EXTERN void uiMenuAppendSeparator(uiMenu *m);
_UI_EXTERN uiMenu *uiNewMenu(const char *name);
_UI_EXTERN char *uiOpenFile(uiWindow *parent);
_UI_EXTERN char *uiSaveFile(uiWindow *parent);
_UI_EXTERN void uiMsgBox(uiWindow *parent, const char *title, const char *description);
_UI_EXTERN void uiMsgBoxError(uiWindow *parent, const char *title, const char *description);
typedef struct uiArea uiArea;
typedef struct uiAreaHandler uiAreaHandler;
typedef struct uiAreaDrawParams uiAreaDrawParams;
typedef struct uiAreaMouseEvent uiAreaMouseEvent;
typedef struct uiAreaKeyEvent uiAreaKeyEvent;
typedef struct uiDrawContext uiDrawContext;
struct uiAreaHandler {
void (*Draw)(uiAreaHandler *, uiArea *, uiAreaDrawParams *);
// TODO document that resizes cause a full redraw for non-scrolling areas; implementation-defined for scrolling areas
void (*MouseEvent)(uiAreaHandler *, uiArea *, uiAreaMouseEvent *);
// TODO document that on first show if the mouse is already in the uiArea then one gets sent with left=0
// TODO what about when the area is hidden and then shown again?
void (*MouseCrossed)(uiAreaHandler *, uiArea *, int left);
void (*DragBroken)(uiAreaHandler *, uiArea *);
int (*KeyEvent)(uiAreaHandler *, uiArea *, uiAreaKeyEvent *);
// TODO RTL layouts?
// TODO reconcile edge and corner naming
_UI_ENUM(uiWindowResizeEdge) {
// TODO have one for keyboard resizes?
// TODO GDK doesn't seem to have any others, including for keyboards...
// TODO way to bring up the system menu instead?
#define uiArea(this) ((uiArea *) (this))
// TODO give a better name
// TODO document the types of width and height
_UI_EXTERN void uiAreaSetSize(uiArea *a, int width, int height);
// TODO uiAreaQueueRedraw()
_UI_EXTERN void uiAreaQueueRedrawAll(uiArea *a);
_UI_EXTERN void uiAreaScrollTo(uiArea *a, double x, double y, double width, double height);
// TODO document these can only be called within Mouse() handlers
// TODO should these be allowed on scrolling areas?
// TODO decide which mouse events should be accepted; Down is the only one guaranteed to work right now
// TODO what happens to events after calling this up to and including the next mouse up?
// TODO release capture?
_UI_EXTERN void uiAreaBeginUserWindowMove(uiArea *a);
_UI_EXTERN void uiAreaBeginUserWindowResize(uiArea *a, uiWindowResizeEdge edge);
_UI_EXTERN uiArea *uiNewArea(uiAreaHandler *ah);
_UI_EXTERN uiArea *uiNewScrollingArea(uiAreaHandler *ah, int width, int height);
struct uiAreaDrawParams {
uiDrawContext *Context;
// TODO document that this is only defined for nonscrolling areas
double AreaWidth;
double AreaHeight;
double ClipX;
double ClipY;
double ClipWidth;
double ClipHeight;
typedef struct uiDrawPath uiDrawPath;
typedef struct uiDrawBrush uiDrawBrush;
typedef struct uiDrawStrokeParams uiDrawStrokeParams;
typedef struct uiDrawMatrix uiDrawMatrix;
typedef struct uiDrawBrushGradientStop uiDrawBrushGradientStop;
_UI_ENUM(uiDrawBrushType) {
_UI_ENUM(uiDrawLineCap) {
_UI_ENUM(uiDrawLineJoin) {
// this is the default for botoh cairo and Direct2D (in the latter case, from the C++ helper functions)
// Core Graphics doesn't explicitly specify a default, but NSBezierPath allows you to choose one, and this is the initial value
// so we're good to use it too!
#define uiDrawDefaultMiterLimit 10.0
_UI_ENUM(uiDrawFillMode) {
struct uiDrawMatrix {
double M11;
double M12;
double M21;
double M22;
double M31;
double M32;
struct uiDrawBrush {
uiDrawBrushType Type;
// solid brushes
double R;
double G;
double B;
double A;
// gradient brushes
double X0; // linear: start X, radial: start X
double Y0; // linear: start Y, radial: start Y
double X1; // linear: end X, radial: outer circle center X
double Y1; // linear: end Y, radial: outer circle center Y
double OuterRadius; // radial gradients only
uiDrawBrushGradientStop *Stops;
size_t NumStops;
// TODO extend mode
// cairo: none, repeat, reflect, pad; no individual control
// Direct2D: repeat, reflect, pad; no individual control
// Core Graphics: none, pad; before and after individually
// TODO cairo documentation is inconsistent about pad
// TODO images
// TODO transforms
struct uiDrawBrushGradientStop {
double Pos;
double R;
double G;
double B;
double A;
struct uiDrawStrokeParams {
uiDrawLineCap Cap;
uiDrawLineJoin Join;
// TODO what if this is 0? on windows there will be a crash with dashing
double Thickness;
double MiterLimit;
double *Dashes;
// TOOD what if this is 1 on Direct2D?
// TODO what if a dash is 0 on Cairo or Quartz?
size_t NumDashes;
double DashPhase;
_UI_EXTERN uiDrawPath *uiDrawNewPath(uiDrawFillMode fillMode);
_UI_EXTERN void uiDrawFreePath(uiDrawPath *p);
_UI_EXTERN void uiDrawPathNewFigure(uiDrawPath *p, double x, double y);
_UI_EXTERN void uiDrawPathNewFigureWithArc(uiDrawPath *p, double xCenter, double yCenter, double radius, double startAngle, double sweep, int negative);
_UI_EXTERN void uiDrawPathLineTo(uiDrawPath *p, double x, double y);
// notes: angles are both relative to 0 and go counterclockwise
// TODO is the initial line segment on cairo and OS X a proper join?
// TODO what if sweep < 0?
_UI_EXTERN void uiDrawPathArcTo(uiDrawPath *p, double xCenter, double yCenter, double radius, double startAngle, double sweep, int negative);
_UI_EXTERN void uiDrawPathBezierTo(uiDrawPath *p, double c1x, double c1y, double c2x, double c2y, double endX, double endY);
// TODO quadratic bezier
_UI_EXTERN void uiDrawPathCloseFigure(uiDrawPath *p);
// TODO effect of these when a figure is already started
_UI_EXTERN void uiDrawPathAddRectangle(uiDrawPath *p, double x, double y, double width, double height);
_UI_EXTERN void uiDrawPathEnd(uiDrawPath *p);
_UI_EXTERN void uiDrawStroke(uiDrawContext *c, uiDrawPath *path, uiDrawBrush *b, uiDrawStrokeParams *p);
_UI_EXTERN void uiDrawFill(uiDrawContext *c, uiDrawPath *path, uiDrawBrush *b);
// TODO primitives:
// - rounded rectangles
// - elliptical arcs
// - quadratic bezier curves
_UI_EXTERN void uiDrawMatrixSetIdentity(uiDrawMatrix *m);
_UI_EXTERN void uiDrawMatrixTranslate(uiDrawMatrix *m, double x, double y);
_UI_EXTERN void uiDrawMatrixScale(uiDrawMatrix *m, double xCenter, double yCenter, double x, double y);
_UI_EXTERN void uiDrawMatrixRotate(uiDrawMatrix *m, double x, double y, double amount);
_UI_EXTERN void uiDrawMatrixSkew(uiDrawMatrix *m, double x, double y, double xamount, double yamount);
_UI_EXTERN void uiDrawMatrixMultiply(uiDrawMatrix *dest, uiDrawMatrix *src);
_UI_EXTERN int uiDrawMatrixInvertible(uiDrawMatrix *m);
_UI_EXTERN int uiDrawMatrixInvert(uiDrawMatrix *m);
_UI_EXTERN void uiDrawMatrixTransformPoint(uiDrawMatrix *m, double *x, double *y);
_UI_EXTERN void uiDrawMatrixTransformSize(uiDrawMatrix *m, double *x, double *y);
_UI_EXTERN void uiDrawTransform(uiDrawContext *c, uiDrawMatrix *m);
// TODO add a uiDrawPathStrokeToFill() or something like that
_UI_EXTERN void uiDrawClip(uiDrawContext *c, uiDrawPath *path);
_UI_EXTERN void uiDrawSave(uiDrawContext *c);
_UI_EXTERN void uiDrawRestore(uiDrawContext *c);
// uiAttribute stores information about an attribute in a
// uiAttributedString.
// You do not create uiAttributes directly; instead, you create a
// uiAttribute of a given type using the specialized constructor
// functions. For every Unicode codepoint in the uiAttributedString,
// at most one value of each attribute type can be applied.
// uiAttributes are immutable and the uiAttributedString takes
// ownership of the uiAttribute object once assigned, copying its
// contents as necessary.
typedef struct uiAttribute uiAttribute;
// @role uiAttribute destructor
// uiFreeAttribute() frees a uiAttribute. You generally do not need to
// call this yourself, as uiAttributedString does this for you. In fact,
// it is an error to call this function on a uiAttribute that has been
// given to a uiAttributedString. You can call this, however, if you
// created a uiAttribute that you aren't going to use later.
_UI_EXTERN void uiFreeAttribute(uiAttribute *a);
// uiAttributeType holds the possible uiAttribute types that may be
// returned by uiAttributeGetType(). Refer to the documentation for
// each type's constructor function for details on each type.
_UI_ENUM(uiAttributeType) {
// uiAttributeGetType() returns the type of a.
// TODO I don't like this name
_UI_EXTERN uiAttributeType uiAttributeGetType(const uiAttribute *a);
// uiNewFamilyAttribute() creates a new uiAttribute that changes the
// font family of the text it is applied to. family is copied; you do not
// need to keep it alive after uiNewFamilyAttribute() returns. Font
// family names are case-insensitive.
_UI_EXTERN uiAttribute *uiNewFamilyAttribute(const char *family);
// uiAttributeFamily() returns the font family stored in a. The
// returned string is owned by a. It is an error to call this on a
// uiAttribute that does not hold a font family.
_UI_EXTERN const char *uiAttributeFamily(const uiAttribute *a);
// uiNewSizeAttribute() creates a new uiAttribute that changes the
// size of the text it is applied to, in typographical points.
_UI_EXTERN uiAttribute *uiNewSizeAttribute(double size);
// uiAttributeSize() returns the font size stored in a. It is an error to
// call this on a uiAttribute that does not hold a font size.
_UI_EXTERN double uiAttributeSize(const uiAttribute *a);
// uiTextWeight represents possible text weights. These roughly
// map to the OS/2 text weight field of TrueType and OpenType
// fonts, or to CSS weight numbers. The named constants are
// nominal values; the actual values may vary by font and by OS,
// though this isn't particularly likely. Any value between
// uiTextWeightMinimum and uiTextWeightMaximum, inclusive,
// is allowed.
// Note that due to restrictions in early versions of Windows, some
// fonts have "special" weights be exposed in many programs as
// separate font families. This is perhaps most notable with
// Arial Black. libui does not do this, even on Windows (because the
// DirectWrite API libui uses on Windows does not do this); to
// specify Arial Black, use family Arial and weight uiTextWeightBlack.
_UI_ENUM(uiTextWeight) {
uiTextWeightMinimum = 0,
uiTextWeightThin = 100,
uiTextWeightUltraLight = 200,
uiTextWeightLight = 300,
uiTextWeightBook = 350,
uiTextWeightNormal = 400,
uiTextWeightMedium = 500,
uiTextWeightSemiBold = 600,
uiTextWeightBold = 700,
uiTextWeightUltraBold = 800,
uiTextWeightHeavy = 900,
uiTextWeightUltraHeavy = 950,
uiTextWeightMaximum = 1000,
// uiNewWeightAttribute() creates a new uiAttribute that changes the
// weight of the text it is applied to. It is an error to specify a weight
// outside the range [uiTextWeightMinimum,
// uiTextWeightMaximum].
_UI_EXTERN uiAttribute *uiNewWeightAttribute(uiTextWeight weight);
// uiAttributeWeight() returns the font weight stored in a. It is an error
// to call this on a uiAttribute that does not hold a font weight.
_UI_EXTERN uiTextWeight uiAttributeWeight(const uiAttribute *a);
// uiTextItalic represents possible italic modes for a font. Italic
// represents "true" italics where the slanted glyphs have custom
// shapes, whereas oblique represents italics that are merely slanted
// versions of the normal glyphs. Most fonts usually have one or the
// other.
_UI_ENUM(uiTextItalic) {
// uiNewItalicAttribute() creates a new uiAttribute that changes the
// italic mode of the text it is applied to. It is an error to specify an
// italic mode not specified in uiTextItalic.
_UI_EXTERN uiAttribute *uiNewItalicAttribute(uiTextItalic italic);
// uiAttributeItalic() returns the font italic mode stored in a. It is an
// error to call this on a uiAttribute that does not hold a font italic
// mode.
_UI_EXTERN uiTextItalic uiAttributeItalic(const uiAttribute *a);
// uiTextStretch represents possible stretches (also called "widths")
// of a font.
// Note that due to restrictions in early versions of Windows, some
// fonts have "special" stretches be exposed in many programs as
// separate font families. This is perhaps most notable with
// Arial Condensed. libui does not do this, even on Windows (because
// the DirectWrite API libui uses on Windows does not do this); to
// specify Arial Condensed, use family Arial and stretch
// uiTextStretchCondensed.
_UI_ENUM(uiTextStretch) {
// uiNewStretchAttribute() creates a new uiAttribute that changes the
// stretch of the text it is applied to. It is an error to specify a strech
// not specified in uiTextStretch.
_UI_EXTERN uiAttribute *uiNewStretchAttribute(uiTextStretch stretch);
// uiAttributeStretch() returns the font stretch stored in a. It is an
// error to call this on a uiAttribute that does not hold a font stretch.
_UI_EXTERN uiTextStretch uiAttributeStretch(const uiAttribute *a);
// uiNewColorAttribute() creates a new uiAttribute that changes the
// color of the text it is applied to. It is an error to specify an invalid
// color.
_UI_EXTERN uiAttribute *uiNewColorAttribute(double r, double g, double b, double a);
// uiAttributeColor() returns the text color stored in a. It is an
// error to call this on a uiAttribute that does not hold a text color.
_UI_EXTERN void uiAttributeColor(const uiAttribute *a, double *r, double *g, double *b, double *alpha);
// uiNewBackgroundAttribute() creates a new uiAttribute that
// changes the background color of the text it is applied to. It is an
// error to specify an invalid color.
_UI_EXTERN uiAttribute *uiNewBackgroundAttribute(double r, double g, double b, double a);
// TODO reuse uiAttributeColor() for background colors, or make a new function...
// uiUnderline specifies a type of underline to use on text.
_UI_ENUM(uiUnderline) {
uiUnderlineSuggestion, // wavy or dotted underlines used for spelling/grammar checkers
// uiNewUnderlineAttribute() creates a new uiAttribute that changes
// the type of underline on the text it is applied to. It is an error to
// specify an underline type not specified in uiUnderline.
_UI_EXTERN uiAttribute *uiNewUnderlineAttribute(uiUnderline u);
// uiAttributeUnderline() returns the underline type stored in a. It is
// an error to call this on a uiAttribute that does not hold an underline
// style.
_UI_EXTERN uiUnderline uiAttributeUnderline(const uiAttribute *a);
// uiUnderlineColor specifies the color of any underline on the text it
// is applied to, regardless of the type of underline. In addition to
// being able to specify a custom color, you can explicitly specify
// platform-specific colors for suggestion underlines; to use them
// correctly, pair them with uiUnderlineSuggestion (though they can
// be used on other types of underline as well).
// If an underline type is applied but no underline color is
// specified, the text color is used instead. If an underline color
// is specified without an underline type, the underline color
// attribute is ignored, but not removed from the uiAttributedString.
_UI_ENUM(uiUnderlineColor) {
uiUnderlineColorAuxiliary, // for instance, the color used by smart replacements on macOS or in Microsoft Office
// uiNewUnderlineColorAttribute() creates a new uiAttribute that
// changes the color of the underline on the text it is applied to.
// It is an error to specify an underline color not specified in
// uiUnderlineColor.
// If the specified color type is uiUnderlineColorCustom, it is an
// error to specify an invalid color value. Otherwise, the color values
// are ignored and should be specified as zero.
_UI_EXTERN uiAttribute *uiNewUnderlineColorAttribute(uiUnderlineColor u, double r, double g, double b, double a);
// uiAttributeUnderlineColor() returns the underline color stored in
// a. It is an error to call this on a uiAttribute that does not hold an
// underline color.
_UI_EXTERN void uiAttributeUnderlineColor(const uiAttribute *a, uiUnderlineColor *u, double *r, double *g, double *b, double *alpha);
// uiOpenTypeFeatures represents a set of OpenType feature
// tag-value pairs, for applying OpenType features to text.
// OpenType feature tags are four-character codes defined by
// OpenType that cover things from design features like small
// caps and swashes to language-specific glyph shapes and
// beyond. Each tag may only appear once in any given
// uiOpenTypeFeatures instance. Each value is a 32-bit integer,
// often used as a Boolean flag, but sometimes as an index to choose
// a glyph shape to use.
// If a font does not support a certain feature, that feature will be
// ignored. (TODO verify this on all OSs)
// See the OpenType specification at
// https://www.microsoft.com/typography/otspec/featuretags.htm
// for the complete list of available features, information on specific
// features, and how to use them.
// TODO invalid features
typedef struct uiOpenTypeFeatures uiOpenTypeFeatures;
// uiOpenTypeFeaturesForEachFunc is the type of the function
// invoked by uiOpenTypeFeaturesForEach() for every OpenType
// feature in otf. Refer to that function's documentation for more
// details.
typedef uiForEach (*uiOpenTypeFeaturesForEachFunc)(const uiOpenTypeFeatures *otf, char a, char b, char c, char d, uint32_t value, void *data);
// @role uiOpenTypeFeatures constructor
// uiNewOpenTypeFeatures() returns a new uiOpenTypeFeatures
// instance, with no tags yet added.
_UI_EXTERN uiOpenTypeFeatures *uiNewOpenTypeFeatures(void);
// @role uiOpenTypeFeatures destructor
// uiFreeOpenTypeFeatures() frees otf.
_UI_EXTERN void uiFreeOpenTypeFeatures(uiOpenTypeFeatures *otf);
// uiOpenTypeFeaturesClone() makes a copy of otf and returns it.
// Changing one will not affect the other.
_UI_EXTERN uiOpenTypeFeatures *uiOpenTypeFeaturesClone(const uiOpenTypeFeatures *otf);
// uiOpenTypeFeaturesAdd() adds the given feature tag and value
// to otf. The feature tag is specified by a, b, c, and d. If there is
// already a value associated with the specified tag in otf, the old
// value is removed.
_UI_EXTERN void uiOpenTypeFeaturesAdd(uiOpenTypeFeatures *otf, char a, char b, char c, char d, uint32_t value);
// uiOpenTypeFeaturesRemove() removes the given feature tag
// and value from otf. If the tag is not present in otf,
// uiOpenTypeFeaturesRemove() does nothing.
_UI_EXTERN void uiOpenTypeFeaturesRemove(uiOpenTypeFeatures *otf, char a, char b, char c, char d);
// uiOpenTypeFeaturesGet() determines whether the given feature
// tag is present in otf. If it is, *value is set to the tag's value and
// nonzero is returned. Otherwise, zero is returned.
// Note that if uiOpenTypeFeaturesGet() returns zero, value isn't
// changed. This is important: if a feature is not present in a
// uiOpenTypeFeatures, the feature is NOT treated as if its
// value was zero anyway. Script-specific font shaping rules and
// font-specific feature settings may use a different default value
// for a feature. You should likewise not treat a missing feature as
// having a value of zero either. Instead, a missing feature should
// be treated as having some unspecified default value.
_UI_EXTERN int uiOpenTypeFeaturesGet(const uiOpenTypeFeatures *otf, char a, char b, char c, char d, uint32_t *value);
// uiOpenTypeFeaturesForEach() executes f for every tag-value
// pair in otf. The enumeration order is unspecified. You cannot
// modify otf while uiOpenTypeFeaturesForEach() is running.
_UI_EXTERN void uiOpenTypeFeaturesForEach(const uiOpenTypeFeatures *otf, uiOpenTypeFeaturesForEachFunc f, void *data);
// uiNewFeaturesAttribute() creates a new uiAttribute that changes
// the font family of the text it is applied to. otf is copied; you may
// free it after uiNewFeaturesAttribute() returns.
_UI_EXTERN uiAttribute *uiNewFeaturesAttribute(const uiOpenTypeFeatures *otf);
// uiAttributeFeatures() returns the OpenType features stored in a.
// The returned uiOpenTypeFeatures object is owned by a. It is an
// error to call this on a uiAttribute that does not hold OpenType
// features.
_UI_EXTERN const uiOpenTypeFeatures *uiAttributeFeatures(const uiAttribute *a);
// uiAttributedString represents a string of UTF-8 text that can
// optionally be embellished with formatting attributes. libui
// provides the list of formatting attributes, which cover common
// formatting traits like boldface and color as well as advanced
// typographical features provided by OpenType like superscripts
// and small caps. These attributes can be combined in a variety of
// ways.
// Attributes are applied to runs of Unicode codepoints in the string.
// Zero-length runs are elided. Consecutive runs that have the same
// attribute type and value are merged. Each attribute is independent
// of each other attribute; overlapping attributes of different types
// do not split each other apart, but different values of the same
// attribute type do.
// The empty string can also be represented by uiAttributedString,
// but because of the no-zero-length-attribute rule, it will not have
// attributes.
// A uiAttributedString takes ownership of all attributes given to
// it, as it may need to duplicate or delete uiAttribute objects at
// any time. By extension, when you free a uiAttributedString,
// all uiAttributes within will also be freed. Each method will
// describe its own rules in more details.
// In addition, uiAttributedString provides facilities for moving
// between grapheme clusters, which represent a character
// from the point of view of the end user. The cursor of a text editor
// is always placed on a grapheme boundary, so you can use these
// features to move the cursor left or right by one "character".
// TODO does uiAttributedString itself need this
// uiAttributedString does not provide enough information to be able
// to draw itself onto a uiDrawContext or respond to user actions.
// In order to do that, you'll need to use a uiDrawTextLayout, which
// is built from the combination of a uiAttributedString and a set of
// layout-specific properties.
typedef struct uiAttributedString uiAttributedString;
// uiAttributedStringForEachAttributeFunc is the type of the function
// invoked by uiAttributedStringForEachAttribute() for every
// attribute in s. Refer to that function's documentation for more
// details.
typedef uiForEach (*uiAttributedStringForEachAttributeFunc)(const uiAttributedString *s, const uiAttribute *a, size_t start, size_t end, void *data);
// @role uiAttributedString constructor
// uiNewAttributedString() creates a new uiAttributedString from
// initialString. The string will be entirely unattributed.
_UI_EXTERN uiAttributedString *uiNewAttributedString(const char *initialString);
// @role uiAttributedString destructor
// uiFreeAttributedString() destroys the uiAttributedString s.
// It will also free all uiAttributes within.
_UI_EXTERN void uiFreeAttributedString(uiAttributedString *s);
// uiAttributedStringString() returns the textual content of s as a
// '\0'-terminated UTF-8 string. The returned pointer is valid until
// the next change to the textual content of s.
_UI_EXTERN const char *uiAttributedStringString(const uiAttributedString *s);
// uiAttributedStringLength() returns the number of UTF-8 bytes in
// the textual content of s, excluding the terminating '\0'.
_UI_EXTERN size_t uiAttributedStringLen(const uiAttributedString *s);
// uiAttributedStringAppendUnattributed() adds the '\0'-terminated
// UTF-8 string str to the end of s. The new substring will be
// unattributed.
_UI_EXTERN void uiAttributedStringAppendUnattributed(uiAttributedString *s, const char *str);
// uiAttributedStringInsertAtUnattributed() adds the '\0'-terminated
// UTF-8 string str to s at the byte position specified by at. The new
// substring will be unattributed; existing attributes will be moved
// along with their text.
_UI_EXTERN void uiAttributedStringInsertAtUnattributed(uiAttributedString *s, const char *str, size_t at);
// TODO add the Append and InsertAtExtendingAttributes functions
// TODO and add functions that take a string + length
// uiAttributedStringDelete() deletes the characters and attributes of
// s in the byte range [start, end).
_UI_EXTERN void uiAttributedStringDelete(uiAttributedString *s, size_t start, size_t end);
// TODO add a function to uiAttributedString to get an attribute's value at a specific index or in a specific range, so we can edit
// uiAttributedStringSetAttribute() sets a in the byte range [start, end)
// of s. Any existing attributes in that byte range of the same type are
// removed. s takes ownership of a; you should not use it after
// uiAttributedStringSetAttribute() returns.
_UI_EXTERN void uiAttributedStringSetAttribute(uiAttributedString *s, uiAttribute *a, size_t start, size_t end);
// uiAttributedStringForEachAttribute() enumerates all the
// uiAttributes in s. It is an error to modify s in f. Within f, s still
// owns the attribute; you can neither free it nor save it for later
// use.
// TODO reword the above for consistency (TODO and find out what I meant by that)
// TODO define an enumeration order (or mark it as undefined); also define how consecutive runs of identical attributes are handled here and sync with the definition of uiAttributedString itself
_UI_EXTERN void uiAttributedStringForEachAttribute(const uiAttributedString *s, uiAttributedStringForEachAttributeFunc f, void *data);
// TODO const correct this somehow (the implementation needs to mutate the structure)
_UI_EXTERN size_t uiAttributedStringNumGraphemes(uiAttributedString *s);
// TODO const correct this somehow (the implementation needs to mutate the structure)
_UI_EXTERN size_t uiAttributedStringByteIndexToGrapheme(uiAttributedString *s, size_t pos);
// TODO const correct this somehow (the implementation needs to mutate the structure)
_UI_EXTERN size_t uiAttributedStringGraphemeToByteIndex(uiAttributedString *s, size_t pos);
// uiFontDescriptor provides a complete description of a font where
// one is needed. Currently, this means as the default font of a
// uiDrawTextLayout and as the data returned by uiFontButton.
// All the members operate like the respective uiAttributes.
typedef struct uiFontDescriptor uiFontDescriptor;
struct uiFontDescriptor {
// TODO const-correct this or figure out how to deal with this when getting a value
char *Family;
double Size;
uiTextWeight Weight;
uiTextItalic Italic;
uiTextStretch Stretch;
// uiDrawTextLayout is a concrete representation of a
// uiAttributedString that can be displayed in a uiDrawContext.
// It includes information important for the drawing of a block of
// text, including the bounding box to wrap the text within, the
// alignment of lines of text within that box, areas to mark as
// being selected, and other things.
// Unlike uiAttributedString, the content of a uiDrawTextLayout is
// immutable once it has been created.
// TODO talk about OS-specific differences with text drawing that libui can't account for...
typedef struct uiDrawTextLayout uiDrawTextLayout;
// uiDrawTextAlign specifies the alignment of lines of text in a
// uiDrawTextLayout.
// TODO should this really have Draw in the name?
_UI_ENUM(uiDrawTextAlign) {
// uiDrawTextLayoutParams describes a uiDrawTextLayout.
// DefaultFont is used to render any text that is not attributed
// sufficiently in String. Width determines the width of the bounding
// box of the text; the height is determined automatically.
typedef struct uiDrawTextLayoutParams uiDrawTextLayoutParams;
// TODO const-correct this somehow
struct uiDrawTextLayoutParams {
uiAttributedString *String;
uiFontDescriptor *DefaultFont;
double Width;
uiDrawTextAlign Align;
// @role uiDrawTextLayout constructor
// uiDrawNewTextLayout() creates a new uiDrawTextLayout from
// the given parameters.
// - allow creating a layout out of a substring
// - allow marking compositon strings
// - allow marking selections, even after creation
// - add the following functions:
// - uiDrawTextLayoutHeightForWidth() (returns the height that a layout would need to be to display the entire string at a given width)
// - uiDrawTextLayoutRangeForSize() (returns what substring would fit in a given size)
// - uiDrawTextLayoutNewWithHeight() (limits amount of string used by the height)
// - some function to fix up a range (for text editing)
_UI_EXTERN uiDrawTextLayout *uiDrawNewTextLayout(uiDrawTextLayoutParams *params);
// @role uiDrawFreeTextLayout destructor
// uiDrawFreeTextLayout() frees tl. The underlying
// uiAttributedString is not freed.
_UI_EXTERN void uiDrawFreeTextLayout(uiDrawTextLayout *tl);
// uiDrawText() draws tl in c with the top-left point of tl at (x, y).
_UI_EXTERN void uiDrawText(uiDrawContext *c, uiDrawTextLayout *tl, double x, double y);
// uiDrawTextLayoutExtents() returns the width and height of tl
// in width and height. The returned width may be smaller than
// the width passed into uiDrawNewTextLayout() depending on
// how the text in tl is wrapped. Therefore, you can use this
// function to get the actual size of the text layout.
_UI_EXTERN void uiDrawTextLayoutExtents(uiDrawTextLayout *tl, double *width, double *height);
// TODO metrics functions
// TODO number of lines visible for clipping rect, range visible for clipping rect?
// uiFontButton is a button that allows users to choose a font when they click on it.
typedef struct uiFontButton uiFontButton;
#define uiFontButton(this) ((uiFontButton *) (this))
// uiFontButtonFont() returns the font currently selected in the uiFontButton in desc.
// uiFontButtonFont() allocates resources in desc; when you are done with the font, call uiFreeFontButtonFont() to release them.
// uiFontButtonFont() does not allocate desc itself; you must do so.
// TODO have a function that sets an entire font descriptor to a range in a uiAttributedString at once, for SetFont?
_UI_EXTERN void uiFontButtonFont(uiFontButton *b, uiFontDescriptor *desc);
// TOOD SetFont, mechanics
// uiFontButtonOnChanged() sets the function that is called when the font in the uiFontButton is changed.
_UI_EXTERN void uiFontButtonOnChanged(uiFontButton *b, void (*f)(uiFontButton *, void *), void *data);
// uiNewFontButton() creates a new uiFontButton. The default font selected into the uiFontButton is OS-defined.
_UI_EXTERN uiFontButton *uiNewFontButton(void);
// uiFreeFontButtonFont() frees resources allocated in desc by uiFontButtonFont().
// After calling uiFreeFontButtonFont(), the contents of desc should be assumed to be undefined (though since you allocate desc itself, you can safely reuse desc for other font descriptors).
// Calling uiFreeFontButtonFont() on a uiFontDescriptor not returned by uiFontButtonFont() results in undefined behavior.
_UI_EXTERN void uiFreeFontButtonFont(uiFontDescriptor *desc);
_UI_ENUM(uiModifiers) {
uiModifierCtrl = 1 << 0,
uiModifierAlt = 1 << 1,
uiModifierShift = 1 << 2,
uiModifierSuper = 1 << 3,
// TODO document drag captures
struct uiAreaMouseEvent {
// TODO document what these mean for scrolling areas
double X;
double Y;
// TODO see draw above
double AreaWidth;
double AreaHeight;
int Down;
int Up;
int Count;
uiModifiers Modifiers;
uint64_t Held1To64;
_UI_ENUM(uiExtKey) {
uiExtKeyEscape = 1,
uiExtKeyInsert, // equivalent to "Help" on Apple keyboards
uiExtKeyF1, // F1..F12 are guaranteed to be consecutive
uiExtKeyN0, // numpad keys; independent of Num Lock state
uiExtKeyN1, // N0..N9 are guaranteed to be consecutive
struct uiAreaKeyEvent {
char Key;
uiExtKey ExtKey;
uiModifiers Modifier;
uiModifiers Modifiers;
int Up;
typedef struct uiColorButton uiColorButton;
#define uiColorButton(this) ((uiColorButton *) (this))
_UI_EXTERN void uiColorButtonColor(uiColorButton *b, double *r, double *g, double *bl, double *a);
_UI_EXTERN void uiColorButtonSetColor(uiColorButton *b, double r, double g, double bl, double a);
_UI_EXTERN void uiColorButtonOnChanged(uiColorButton *b, void (*f)(uiColorButton *, void *), void *data);
_UI_EXTERN uiColorButton *uiNewColorButton(void);
typedef struct uiForm uiForm;
#define uiForm(this) ((uiForm *) (this))
_UI_EXTERN void uiFormAppend(uiForm *f, const char *label, uiControl *c, int stretchy);
_UI_EXTERN void uiFormDelete(uiForm *f, int index);
_UI_EXTERN int uiFormPadded(uiForm *f);
_UI_EXTERN void uiFormSetPadded(uiForm *f, int padded);
_UI_EXTERN uiForm *uiNewForm(void);
_UI_ENUM(uiAlign) {
_UI_ENUM(uiAt) {
typedef struct uiGrid uiGrid;
#define uiGrid(this) ((uiGrid *) (this))
_UI_EXTERN void uiGridAppend(uiGrid *g, uiControl *c, int left, int top, int xspan, int yspan, int hexpand, uiAlign halign, int vexpand, uiAlign valign);
_UI_EXTERN void uiGridInsertAt(uiGrid *g, uiControl *c, uiControl *existing, uiAt at, int xspan, int yspan, int hexpand, uiAlign halign, int vexpand, uiAlign valign);
_UI_EXTERN int uiGridPadded(uiGrid *g);
_UI_EXTERN void uiGridSetPadded(uiGrid *g, int padded);
_UI_EXTERN uiGrid *uiNewGrid(void);
// uiImage stores an image for display on screen.
// Images are built from one or more representations, each with the
// same aspect ratio but a different pixel size. libui automatically
// selects the most appropriate representation for drawing the image
// when it comes time to draw the image; what this means depends
// on the pixel density of the target context. Therefore, one can use
// uiImage to draw higher-detailed images on higher-density
// displays. The typical use cases are either:
// - have just a single representation, at which point all screens
// use the same image, and thus uiImage acts like a simple
// bitmap image, or
// - have two images, one at normal resolution and one at 2x
// resolution; this matches the current expectations of some
// desktop systems at the time of writing (mid-2018)
// uiImage is very simple: it only supports premultiplied 32-bit
// RGBA images, and libui does not provide any image file loading
// or image format conversion utilities on top of that.
typedef struct uiImage uiImage;
// @role uiImage constructor
// uiNewImage creates a new uiImage with the given width and
// height. This width and height should be the size in points of the
// image in the device-independent case; typically this is the 1x size.
// TODO for all uiImage functions: use const void * for const correctness
_UI_EXTERN uiImage *uiNewImage(double width, double height);
// @role uiImage destructor
// uiFreeImage frees the given image and all associated resources.
_UI_EXTERN void uiFreeImage(uiImage *i);
// uiImageAppend adds a representation to the uiImage.
// pixels should point to a byte array of premultiplied pixels
// stored in [R G B A] order (so ((uint8_t *) pixels)[0] is the R of the
// first pixel and [3] is the A of the first pixel). pixelWidth and
// pixelHeight is the size *in pixels* of the image, and pixelStride is
// the number *of bytes* per row of the pixels array. Therefore,
// pixels itself must be at least byteStride * pixelHeight bytes long.
// TODO see if we either need the stride or can provide a way to get the OS-preferred stride (in cairo we do)
_UI_EXTERN void uiImageAppend(uiImage *i, void *pixels, int pixelWidth, int pixelHeight, int byteStride);
// uiTableValue stores a value to be passed along uiTable and
// uiTableModel.
// You do not create uiTableValues directly; instead, you create a
// uiTableValue of a given type using the specialized constructor
// functions.
// uiTableValues are immutable and the uiTableModel and uiTable
// take ownership of the uiTableValue object once returned, copying
// its contents as necessary.
typedef struct uiTableValue uiTableValue;
// @role uiTableValue destructor
// uiFreeTableValue() frees a uiTableValue. You generally do not
// need to call this yourself, as uiTable and uiTableModel do this
// for you. In fact, it is an error to call this function on a uiTableValue
// that has been given to a uiTable or uiTableModel. You can call this,
// however, if you created a uiTableValue that you aren't going to
// use later, or if you called a uiTableModelHandler method directly
// and thus never transferred ownership of the uiTableValue.
_UI_EXTERN void uiFreeTableValue(uiTableValue *v);
// uiTableValueType holds the possible uiTableValue types that may
// be returned by uiTableValueGetType(). Refer to the documentation
// for each type's constructor function for details on each type.
// TODO actually validate these
_UI_ENUM(uiTableValueType) {
// uiTableValueGetType() returns the type of v.
// TODO I don't like this name
_UI_EXTERN uiTableValueType uiTableValueGetType(const uiTableValue *v);
// uiNewTableValueString() returns a new uiTableValue that contains
// str. str is copied; you do not need to keep it alive after
// uiNewTableValueString() returns.
_UI_EXTERN uiTableValue *uiNewTableValueString(const char *str);
// uiTableValueString() returns the string stored in v. The returned
// string is owned by v. It is an error to call this on a uiTableValue
// that does not hold a string.
_UI_EXTERN const char *uiTableValueString(const uiTableValue *v);
// uiNewTableValueImage() returns a new uiTableValue that contains
// the given uiImage.
// Unlike other similar constructors, uiNewTableValueImage() does
// NOT copy the image. This is because images are comparatively
// larger than the other objects in question. Therefore, you MUST
// keep the image alive as long as the returned uiTableValue is alive.
// As a general rule, if libui calls a uiTableModelHandler method, the
// uiImage is safe to free once any of your code is once again
// executed.
_UI_EXTERN uiTableValue *uiNewTableValueImage(uiImage *img);
// uiTableValueImage() returns the uiImage stored in v. As these
// images are not owned by v, you should not assume anything
// about the lifetime of the image (unless you created the image,
// and thus control its lifetime). It is an error to call this on a
// uiTableValue that does not hold an image.
_UI_EXTERN uiImage *uiTableValueImage(const uiTableValue *v);
// uiNewTableValueInt() returns a uiTableValue that stores the given
// int. This can be used both for boolean values (nonzero is true, as
// in C) or progresses (in which case the valid range is -1..100
// inclusive).
_UI_EXTERN uiTableValue *uiNewTableValueInt(int i);
// uiTableValueInt() returns the int stored in v. It is an error to call
// this on a uiTableValue that does not store an int.
_UI_EXTERN int uiTableValueInt(const uiTableValue *v);
// uiNewTableValueColor() returns a uiTableValue that stores the
// given color.
_UI_EXTERN uiTableValue *uiNewTableValueColor(double r, double g, double b, double a);
// uiTableValueColor() returns the color stored in v. It is an error to
// call this on a uiTableValue that does not store a color.
// TODO define whether all this, for both uiTableValue and uiAttribute, is undefined behavior or a caught error
_UI_EXTERN void uiTableValueColor(const uiTableValue *v, double *r, double *g, double *b, double *a);
// uiTableModel is an object that provides the data for a uiTable.
// This data is returned via methods you provide in the
// uiTableModelHandler struct.
// uiTableModel represents data using a table, but this table does
// not map directly to uiTable itself. Instead, you can have data
// columns which provide instructions for how to render a given
// uiTable's column — for instance, one model column can be used
// to give certain rows of a uiTable a different background color.
// Row numbers DO match with uiTable row numbers.
// Once created, the number and data types of columns of a
// uiTableModel cannot change.
// Row and column numbers start at 0. A uiTableModel can be
// associated with more than one uiTable at a time.
typedef struct uiTableModel uiTableModel;
// uiTableModelHandler defines the methods that uiTableModel
// calls when it needs data. Once a uiTableModel is created, these
// methods cannot change.
typedef struct uiTableModelHandler uiTableModelHandler;
// TODO validate ranges; validate types on each getter/setter call (? table columns only?)
struct uiTableModelHandler {
// NumColumns returns the number of model columns in the
// uiTableModel. This value must remain constant through the
// lifetime of the uiTableModel. This method is not guaranteed
// to be called depending on the system.
// TODO strongly check column numbers and types on all platforms so these clauses can go away
int (*NumColumns)(uiTableModelHandler *, uiTableModel *);
// ColumnType returns the value type of the data stored in
// the given model column of the uiTableModel. The returned
// values must remain constant through the lifetime of the
// uiTableModel. This method is not guaranteed to be called
// depending on the system.
uiTableValueType (*ColumnType)(uiTableModelHandler *, uiTableModel *, int);
// NumRows returns the number or rows in the uiTableModel.
// This value must be non-negative.
int (*NumRows)(uiTableModelHandler *, uiTableModel *);
// CellValue returns a uiTableValue corresponding to the model
// cell at (row, column). The type of the returned uiTableValue
// must match column's value type. Under some circumstances,
// NULL may be returned; refer to the various methods that add
// columns to uiTable for details. Once returned, the uiTable
// that calls CellValue will free the uiTableValue returned.
uiTableValue *(*CellValue)(uiTableModelHandler *mh, uiTableModel *m, int row, int column);
// SetCellValue changes the model cell value at (row, column)
// in the uiTableModel. Within this function, either do nothing
// to keep the current cell value or save the new cell value as
// appropriate. After SetCellValue is called, the uiTable will
// itself reload the table cell. Under certain conditions, the
// uiTableValue passed in can be NULL; refer to the various
// methods that add columns to uiTable for details. Once
// returned, the uiTable that called SetCellValue will free the
// uiTableValue passed in.
void (*SetCellValue)(uiTableModelHandler *, uiTableModel *, int, int, const uiTableValue *);
// @role uiTableModel constructor
// uiNewTableModel() creates a new uiTableModel with the given
// handler methods.
_UI_EXTERN uiTableModel *uiNewTableModel(uiTableModelHandler *mh);
// @role uiTableModel destructor
// uiFreeTableModel() frees the given table model. It is an error to
// free table models currently associated with a uiTable.
_UI_EXTERN void uiFreeTableModel(uiTableModel *m);
// uiTableModelRowInserted() tells any uiTable associated with m
// that a new row has been added to m at index index. You call
// this function when the number of rows in your model has
// changed; after calling it, NumRows() should returm the new row
// count.
_UI_EXTERN void uiTableModelRowInserted(uiTableModel *m, int newIndex);
// uiTableModelRowChanged() tells any uiTable associated with m
// that the data in the row at index has changed. You do not need to
// call this in your SetCellValue() handlers, but you do need to call
// this if your data changes at some other point.
_UI_EXTERN void uiTableModelRowChanged(uiTableModel *m, int index);
// uiTableModelRowDeleted() tells any uiTable associated with m
// that the row at index index has been deleted. You call this
// function when the number of rows in your model has changed;
// after calling it, NumRows() should returm the new row
// count.
// TODO for this and Inserted: make sure the "after" part is right; clarify if it's after returning or after calling
_UI_EXTERN void uiTableModelRowDeleted(uiTableModel *m, int oldIndex);
// TODO reordering/moving
// uiTableModelColumnNeverEditable and
// uiTableModelColumnAlwaysEditable are the value of an editable
// model column parameter to one of the uiTable create column
// functions; if used, that jparticular uiTable colum is not editable
// by the user and always editable by the user, respectively.
#define uiTableModelColumnNeverEditable (-1)
#define uiTableModelColumnAlwaysEditable (-2)
// uiTableTextColumnOptionalParams are the optional parameters
// that control the appearance of the text column of a uiTable.
typedef struct uiTableTextColumnOptionalParams uiTableTextColumnOptionalParams;
// uiTableParams defines the parameters passed to uiNewTable().
typedef struct uiTableParams uiTableParams;
struct uiTableTextColumnOptionalParams {
// ColorModelColumn is the model column containing the
// text color of this uiTable column's text, or -1 to use the
// default color.
// If CellValue() for this column for any cell returns NULL, that
// cell will also use the default text color.
int ColorModelColumn;
struct uiTableParams {
// Model is the uiTableModel to use for this uiTable.
// This parameter cannot be NULL.
uiTableModel *Model;
// RowBackgroundColorModelColumn is a model column
// number that defines the background color used for the
// entire row in the uiTable, or -1 to use the default color for
// all rows.
// If CellValue() for this column for any row returns NULL, that
// row will also use the default background color.
int RowBackgroundColorModelColumn;
// uiTable is a uiControl that shows tabular data, allowing users to
// manipulate rows of such data at a time.
typedef struct uiTable uiTable;
#define uiTable(this) ((uiTable *) (this))
// uiTableAppendTextColumn() appends a text column to t.
// name is displayed in the table header.
// textModelColumn is where the text comes from.
// If a row is editable according to textEditableModelColumn,
// SetCellValue() is called with textModelColumn as the column.
_UI_EXTERN void uiTableAppendTextColumn(uiTable *t,
const char *name,
int textModelColumn,
int textEditableModelColumn,
uiTableTextColumnOptionalParams *textParams);
// uiTableAppendImageColumn() appends an image column to t.
// Images are drawn at icon size, appropriate to the pixel density
// of the screen showing the uiTable.
_UI_EXTERN void uiTableAppendImageColumn(uiTable *t,
const char *name,
int imageModelColumn);
// uiTableAppendImageTextColumn() appends a column to t that
// shows both an image and text.
_UI_EXTERN void uiTableAppendImageTextColumn(uiTable *t,
const char *name,
int imageModelColumn,
int textModelColumn,
int textEditableModelColumn,
uiTableTextColumnOptionalParams *textParams);
// uiTableAppendCheckboxColumn appends a column to t that
// contains a checkbox that the user can interact with (assuming the
// checkbox is editable). SetCellValue() will be called with
// checkboxModelColumn as the column in this case.
_UI_EXTERN void uiTableAppendCheckboxColumn(uiTable *t,
const char *name,
int checkboxModelColumn,
int checkboxEditableModelColumn);
// uiTableAppendCheckboxTextColumn() appends a column to t
// that contains both a checkbox and text.
_UI_EXTERN void uiTableAppendCheckboxTextColumn(uiTable *t,
const char *name,
int checkboxModelColumn,
int checkboxEditableModelColumn,
int textModelColumn,
int textEditableModelColumn,
uiTableTextColumnOptionalParams *textParams);
// uiTableAppendProgressBarColumn() appends a column to t
// that displays a progress bar. These columns work like
// uiProgressBar: a cell value of 0..100 displays that percentage, and
// a cell value of -1 displays an indeterminate progress bar.
_UI_EXTERN void uiTableAppendProgressBarColumn(uiTable *t,
const char *name,
int progressModelColumn);
// uiTableAppendButtonColumn() appends a column to t
// that shows a button that the user can click on. When the user
// does click on the button, SetCellValue() is called with a NULL
// value and buttonModelColumn as the column.
// CellValue() on buttonModelColumn should return the text to show
// in the button.
_UI_EXTERN void uiTableAppendButtonColumn(uiTable *t,
const char *name,
int buttonModelColumn,
int buttonClickableModelColumn);
// uiNewTable() creates a new uiTable with the specified parameters.
_UI_EXTERN uiTable *uiNewTable(uiTableParams *params);
#ifdef __cplusplus

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