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HowToWork.md 6.03 KB
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idea4good 提交于 2019-11-08 23:11 . refactor folder

How GuiLite work

What GuiLite do?

GuiLite do 2 things only: widgets management and rendering.

Widgets management include:

  • Add/Remove GUI element(e.g, button, label, dialog), set caption and location.
  • Dispatch/Response intput message: By analysis the location information from the message, GuiLite would find the widget which should be reponse, and call response function(e.g, on_mouse_click, on_keyboard_click)
  • Dispatch/Response customer message: By analysis the ID of message, GuiLite would find response funciotn, and calll it(: on_timer, on_custmer_refresh)

Rendring include:

  • Draw pixel, line, rect
  • Set frame layer; While your drawing, you should input frame layer index to make your drawing at a specific layer
  • Update frame layer; While frame layer changed(e.g, open/close dialog), GuiLite would determine which pixel of frame layer should be display on screen

👉Note: Rendering do not depend on Widgets management, In some case, you would render line/text/bitmap directly without any widgets in your GUI system. For example: Limted resource MCU platform.

How to customize/extend GuiLite?

In order to make GuiLite simple and clear, GuiLite only provide basic widgets(e.g, button, label, keyboard, spinx etc) implementation. If you want do more things on widgets, you can do it like this:

  • Update widgets code in GuiLite directly
  • Add new widgets file, and implement new widgets by reference GuiLite widgets code.

If you would extend drawing method(e.g, draw circle/eclipse etc.), you can add your method in surface.cpp directly.

How to render? See function draw_xxx() in surface.cpp word.cpp bitmap.cpp.

Code intro

core folder:

  • Implement message dispatch/response, multi frame layer management and rendering for all platforms
  • Adapter GuiLite on Windows/Linux/Android/iOS/macOS or none OS in adapter folder

widgets folder:

  • Here are code for controllers(eg. button, lable, keyboard) and containers(eg. view, dialog, flip pages); You can redraw your own widget by modify this code.
  • Here are code for message transition(eg. finger press/release), it will pass finger press/release message to widget which been touched, and call callback function if defined.

Widgets management

Widgets include button, spinbox, label, keyboard, dialog, view; GuiLite will link all widgets by function: connect, then GuiLite will easy to find/add/remove any widget quickly. All the connections looks like a tree.

For example: When you click a button, device get your finger location(x, y) will be send the root of the tree, GuiLite would find the button you click by comparing location information, then call the response function(e.g, repaint the button/change button status)

How to create widgets?

All widgets derived from class c_wnd. The widget will be created when the class has been instanced, at this time, the widget still alone, has nothing to do with UI system, could not response any user operation.

How to link/unlink widgets

By using "connect()" function, we can link this widget into widgets tree, then the widgets could response user touch/keyboard action.

By using "disconnect()" function to unlink this widget from UI system. then the widget still live in memory, but could not response user touch/keyboard action any more.


Rendering include rendering method and graphic management.

  • All rendering method base on draw_pixel() function
  • GuiLite support 3 frame layers so far, could handle 3 layers overlap senarios

Rendering method

  • Basic rendering function: surface_cpp.cpp::draw_xxx()
  • Bitmap rendering function: bitmap.cpp::draw_bitmap_xxx()
  • For take GPU advantage, you can refactor draw_xxx() by using GPU feature

Graphic layer

Graphic layerGuiLiteGraphic

  • display layer:This layer for physical display device, one UI has only one display layer
  • surface layer: One display layer have many surface layers, one surface layer represent one flip page
  • frame layer: One surface layer has many frame layers, one frame layer represent one layer in Z direction

Source file annotation

core Importance/File name Introduction Time cost
★★★ wnd.cpp Basic class for widgets; connect/disconnect widgets; response user on_touch, on_key action 1.5 hour
★★ cmd_target.cpp map/dispatch GUI/user custom message 0.5 hour
★★ display.cpp Initialize display device, create surface, 0.5 hour
★★ surface.cpp Draw piexel/line/rect, and multi-layer management 0.5 hour
word.cpp Draw text < 1 hour
bitmap.cpp Draw bitmap < 0.5 hour
rect.cpp Rect for basic use(e.g, widgets location) < 0.5 hour
api_linux.cpp Adapter for Linux < 0.5 hour
api_win.cpp Adapter for Windows < 0.5 hour
api_unknow.cpp Adapter for other OS or none OS < 0.5 hour
audio_linux.cpp Adapter for Linux audio < 0.5 hour
audio_win.cpp Adapter Windows audio < 0.5 hour
msg_linux.cpp Implement message pipe on Linux < 0.5 hour
msg_win.cpp Implement message pipe on Windows < 0.5 hour
msg_unknow.cpp Implement message pipe on other OS or none OS < 0.5 hour

widgets Difficulty/File name Introduction Time cost
label.cpp Source code for label < 0.5 hour
button.cpp Source code for button < 0.5 hour
table.cpp Source code for table < 0.5 hour
dialog.cpp Source code for dialog < 0.5 hour
★ gesture.cpp Recognize finger gesture(e.g, press/release/slip) 0.5 hour
★ keyboard.cpp Source code for keyboard 0.5 hour
★★ list_box.cpp Source code for list box 1.5 hour
★★ spinbox.cpp Source code for spin box 1.5 hour
★★ edit.cpp Source code for edit widget 1.5 hour
★★★ wave_buffer.cpp Source code for wave buffer 1.5 hour
★★★ wave_ctrl.cpp Source code for wave widget 1.5 hour

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